End to Nuclear Weapons Testing and the Strategic Defense Initiative SDI

  • Date: Jan 01 1987
  • Policy Number: 8715

Key Words: Nuclear Weapons, Public Health Funding

The American Public Health Association,

In accordance with previously adopted policy statements calling for an end to the nuclear arms race and a halt to the militarization of space;1-4 and

Mindful of how the United States conducted 26 nuclear weapons tests during the recent USSR-initiated 18-month moratorium on such testing, missing a prime opportunity for slowing the arms race;5 and

Recognizing the connection between such testing and the further development of space-weapons programs of the Reagan Administration's proposed Strategic Defense Initiative (SDI); and

Observing the recent attempts by the Reagan Administration to pave the way for early deployment of SDI by promoting a broad interpretation of the 1972 Anti-Ballistic Missile (ABM) Treaty in place of the strict interpretation that is supported by most of the original negotiators of that accord; and

Noting the plans of the Reagan Administration to change the SDI from a research program by moving into field testing as a prelude to deployment;11,12 therefore

  1. Calls for the United States and all nations engaged in nuclear testing to immediately end all such testing;
  2. Opposes any attempt by the United States to institute a broad interpretation of the 1972 ABM Treaty, and further calls for US-USSR negotiation that revises or replaces the 1972 ABM Treaty with language that ends the militarization of space and makes unnecessary and unacceptable further research and development of SDI technology; and
  3. Calls for Congress to cut off all funding for research field testing and/or deployment of the SDI.

References:

  1. American Public Health Association: Resolution No. 7913: World Peace and the Military Budget. APHA Public Policy Statements, 1948 to present, cumulative. Washington, DC: APHA, current volume.
  2. American Public Health Association: Resolution No. 8117: Nuclear War and Nuclear Weapons. Op Cit.
  3. American Public Health Association: Resolution No. 8214: Reaction to the Attack on the Nuclear Freeze Movement. Op Cit.
  4. American Public Health Association: Position Paper No 8531(PP): The Health Effects of Militarism. Op Cit.
  5. Broad W: Who's Ahead Now in Nuclear Arms New York Times, March 1, 1987.
  6. Seaborg GT, Loeb BS: Make the Partial Test Ban Comprehensive. Bull Atomic Sci 1987;43(4):3.
  7. Science and Technology of Directed Energy Weapons. Report to the American Physical Society Study Group, April 1987.
  8. Levin C: Administrtion Wrong on ABM Treaty. Bull Atomic Sci 1987;43(3):30-32.
  9. The ABM Treaty and the Soviets. Bull Atomic Sci 1987;43(3):2.
  10. Gordon MR: Arms Debate Now Centers on ABM Pact. New York Times, February 17, 1987.
  11. Cushman JH Jr: Pentagon Secretly Prepares Plan for Missile Defense in Mid-1990s. New York Times, April 8, 1987.
  12. Gordon MR: Reagan and Aides Meet on Plan for Early `Star Wars' Deployment. New York Times, February 4, 1987.

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